Prevê-se que à medida que os robôs se tornem mais eficientes, o desemprego aumente, e é importante pensar nos impactos dessa mudança na sociedade.
Os empregos que possam ser automatizados vão precisar cada vez menos de seres humanos e vão ser substituídos por robôs. Para prevenir os efeitos devastadores dessas mudanças e aproveitando este período de transição para a administração Trump, a Casa Branca publicou um relatório onde alerta para esse facto e onde lista algumas recomendações para o futuro.
Nesta era em que começa a ser mais barato substituir alguns empregos por robôs, é essencial a qualquer nação adaptar-se e preparar-se da melhor forma para que possa minimizar os impactos negativos e, se possível, tirar alguns proveitos.
- Fund more research in robotics and artificial intelligence in order for the U.S. to maintain its leadership in the global technology industry. The report calls on the government to steer that research to support a diverse workforce and to focus on combating algorithmic bias in AI.
- Invest in and increase STEM education for youth and job retraining for adults in technology-related fields. That means offering computer science education for all K-12 students, as well as expanding national workforce retraining by investing six times the current amount spent to keep American workers competitive in a global economy.
- Modernize and strengthen the federal social safety net, including public health care, unemployment insurance, welfare and food stamps. The report also calls for increasing the minimum wage, paying workers overtime and strengthening unions and worker bargaining power.
Many of these recommendations are discordant with the policies thus far sketched out by President-elect Donald Trump and his picks to hold key cabinet positions in the run-up to the inauguration.
Betsy DeVos, Trump’s pick to lead the Department of Education, for example, has advocated to steer funding away from public education throughout her career, contrary to today’s White House report, which recommends increasing spending in public education in order to provide more opportunities for computational learning.
Trump’s pick for health and human services chief, Rep. Tom Price, R-Ga., has long advocated for reducing federal spending on health care. The White House report, on the other hand, recommends strengthening federal health care programs to help protect Americans who may lose jobs due to increased automation.