Protecionismo ou não, segundo a EDRi, a Europa está à frente dos Estados Unidos em questões de defesa da privacidade dos seus cidadãos. Em relação à neutralidade na rede, também temos regras mais rígidas para evitar que as grandes companhias de telecomunicações controlem a Internet.
A EDRi é uma associação de organizações de direitos humanos e civis que defende os direitos e as liberdades no contexto digital.
The US national telecoms regulator the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) also saw the danger from the “wild west” of personal data exploitation online. The danger was illustrated when the National Telecommunications and Information Administration carried out a survey in 2016. This study found that – in the previous 12 months – 19% of internet-using households had suffered an online security breach, while 45% had refrained from an online activity due to privacy and security fears. Faced with this compelling evidence of the damage caused by lack of trust and security, the FCC tried to act in October 2016. It passed ground-breaking privacy rules (by 3 votes to 2) to protect broadband users and improve trust. However, it was not possible to enshrine the rules in law, meaning that the rules are contingent on the whims of the Commissioners. The appointment of a new FCC Chairman by the incoming president makes it almost certain that US citizens – and the US online economy – will be robbed of this essential protection… unless they use European services, of course.
In 2013, the EU was faced with increasing evidence of internet access companies seeking to undermine innovation and competition online. It was faced with calls to legislate to protect discriminatory “specialised services” which would allow big online companies to sell “fast lane” to gain access to the customer base of big telecoms operators. Not alone did the European Union not give in to this huge lobbying effort, it legislated in favour of rules that will prevent big telecoms operators from becoming a gatekeeper that stops the full internet being accessible to their customers. It legislated for openness and innovation with a binding EU-wide regulation.